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The European Commission (Commission) has adopted a decision on 21 October 2015 on the tax rulings – also referred to as “comfort letters” – granted by Luxembourg to Fiat Finance and Trade (FFT) and by The Netherlands to Starbucks. Rejecting the decisions of domestic authorities in Luxembourg and The Netherlands, the Commission concluded that these rulings artificially reduced the tax burdens for the two companies awarding them selective advantages, which constitute State aid.
Continue Reading The European Commission’s New Pandora’s Box – Reopening Final Tax Rulings as a Form of “State Aid”

Continue Reading The European Commission’s New Pandora’s Box – Reopening Final Tax Rulings as a Form of “State Aid”