International

On January 26, 2024, the State Council of China published the “Regulations of the Filing Threshold for Operators’ Concentration (2024 Revision)” (the “New Filing Threshold”), which took effect on the same day. This amendment to the filing thresholds for operators’ concentration will enhance the allocation of anti-monopoly enforcement resources, and represents another step China takes to improve its competition policy, and foster the development of a more transparent and efficient competition regulatory framework.
Continue Reading China Raises Turnover Threshold for Anti-Monopoly Filing in M&A Deals

In September 2022, the Cyberspace Administration of China (the “CAC”) officially enacted the Measures on Security Assessment for the Cross-border Transfer of Data (the “Measures”). Under the Measures, an entity (the “data processor”) shall conduct a security assessment if its cross-border data transfer activities involves any of the following scenarios:
Continue Reading Companies in Beijing are Submitting Application Materials Relating to the Security Assessment for Cross-border Data Transfer 

Grants and tax credits, who doesn’t love them? The Bipartisan Infrastructure Law (BIL) is full of them, and recent Department of Energy (DOE) Notification of a Proposed Interpretive Rule provides guidance on who will get to benefit from those grants and tax credits. The BIL is a historic investment in U.S. infrastructure, the breadth of which is beyond the scope of this blog. However, thankfully, the DOE Proposed Rule focuses on batteries.
Continue Reading Should You Be Concerned About Foreign Entities of Concern?

On December 22, 2023, President Biden signed a new Executive Order (E.O. 14114) containing the latest round of sanctions against the Russian Federation. Shortly thereafter, Treasury Secretary Janet Yellen stated that the Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC) will take “decisive” and “surgical” action when enforcing sanctions against financial institutions involved in transactions that support Russia’s military-industrial base. Under the new sanctions, non-U.S. financial institutions may be denied access to U.S. correspondent accounts or payable-through accounts, effectively denying access to the U.S. financial system. OFAC may also block an offending institution’s property in the United States. The sanctions build on
Continue Reading New Russia Sanctions Intensify Pressure on Banks Worldwide

Export controls are the manifestation of foreign, economic, and national security policy, and the implementation of policy requires dynamic adjustment, a back-and-forth, a balance. So, on December 7, 2023[1], amid the tightening of new semiconductor regulations, BIS announced it was relaxing regulations around another set of exports. This drawing back of the controls arrives in the form of a set of three rules easing license requirements and expanding license exceptions. While seemingly disparate, each of the three areas of amendments represents a consistent push to align U.S. export policy with those of its allies and trade partners,
Continue Reading Carrot and Stick Export Controls: U.S. Export Controls Give Benefits to Allies

On November 21, 2023, the U.S. Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC) announced its largest settlement in history with the virtual currency exchange Binance. This almost-billion dollar settlement is a part of a larger comprehensive settlement with the Department of Justice, FinCEN, and the CFTC, totaling over $4 billion. OFAC found that Binance had allowed 1.6 million transactions in violation of multiple sanctions regimes while Binance’s C-Suite was complicit. Binance’s blunders that led to this enforcement action highlight the importance of management commitment to compliance programs.[1]
Continue Reading Binance’s Paper Compliance Program Crumples Under OFAC Scrutiny in Largest OFAC Settlement in History

On September 28, 2023, the Cybersecurity Administration of China (the “CAC”) published a set of draft Provisions on Regulating and Promoting Cross-border Data Transfer (the “Draft Rules”) to solicit public comments. It has not been publicly announced when the Draft Rules will come into effect. Some legal practitioners speculate that they would take effect before the expiration of the grace period for filing the standard contracts as stipulated in Measures on the Standard Contract for Cross-Border Transfer of Personal Information[i]. However, these remain speculations and are not confirmed by the authorities in any official announcement.
Continue Reading China Released Draft Rules Regulating and Promoting Cross-Border Data Transfer

In 1947, then President Harry Truman pledged that the United States would support any nation in its efforts to resist Communism and prevent its spread. The policy was commonly called, “Containment,” capturing the concept that countries aligned with U.S. policy would surround the Soviet Union and its allies, containing the spread of their ideologies. The policy was maintained as doctrine and a guiding principle in U.S. policy throughout the Cold War era.
Continue Reading China Semiconductor Export Regulations, Episode IV – “Technological Containment” – U.S. Semiconductor Restrictions Aim to Align Allies with U.S. Policy

Key Takeaways


Continue Reading China Semiconductor Export Regulations, Episode III – What a Difference a Year Makes

On May 8, 2023, the National Health Commission of the People’s Republic of China (the “PRC”), along with 13 other government departments of the PRC, issued the “Key Highlights for Combating Corruption in the Medicine Purchase and Sale Industry and Medical Services Industry for the Year 2023” to launch a comprehensive anti-corruption campaign in the pharmaceutical industry. Subsequently, local health commissions in Beijing, Shanghai, Guangdong, Hainan, and various other provinces and cities in the PRC released notices for corrective actions specifically targeting the pharmaceutical industry. On August 15, 2023, the National Health Commission of the PRC further unveiled the “Questions and
Continue Reading Overview of Recent Anti-Corruption Enforcement Actions in the Pharmaceutical Industry in China

On August 9, 2023, President Biden issued an Executive Order (E.O.) ordering the issuance of outbound investment restrictions. This E.O. comes after nearly a year of anticipation (as we have documented on several occasions over the past year). This is the start of the reverse Committee on Foreign Investment in the United States (CFIUS) process that has been mostly speculation (and blog articles) until yesterday. In conjunction, the Treasury Department issued a press release, fact sheet, and Advance Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (ANPRM) seeking comments from the public on the proposed restrictions by September 28.
Continue Reading Reverse CFIUS Unveiled: Focus on China, Semiconductors, Artificial Intelligence, and Quantum Computing

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The North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) may have been replaced effective July 1, 2020 by the United States-Mexico-Canada Agreement (USMCA), but the rules of NAFTA remain alive and well in the halls of the enforcement agencies on both sides of the border.
Continue Reading Gone but Not Forgotten: The Continuing Importance of NAFTA Compliance