China Law Update Blog

The Latest Developments in China Law

On Tuesday, May 19, the U.S. Commerce Department published a regulation (effective May 15, 2020) that prohibits sale to Huawei of a microchip made to a Huawei specification, made outside the United States with non-U.S. materials, sent from a foreign country, by a foreign person. To quote the philosopher, hol’ up. How is that even possible?…
点击此处阅读中文译文 Over the last three decades, government antitrust enforcers and private plaintiffs in the United States have increasingly sought to apply U.S. antitrust laws to conduct by foreign businesses that is deemed to have effects on the U.S. economy. Many of these foreign businesses have been located in Asia:  since the 1990s there have been waves of U.S. criminal prosecutions and civil cases alleging anticompetitive conspiracies between Japanese, Korean, and Taiwanese sellers and manufacturers.  For most of this time, however, companies in mainland China—despite being the largest exporters of goods to the United States, first in Asia and now in…
针对望远镜制造商宁波舜宇的反垄断诉讼驳回 On September 28, 2017, Judge Edward Davila dismissed an antitrust complaint filed by Optronic Technologies, Inc. (dba Orion) against Ningbo Sunny Electronic Co., Ltd., Sunny Optics, Inc. and Meade Instruments Corp.  The case is Optronic Technologies, Inc. v. Ningbo Sunny Electronic Co., Ltd., Case No. 5:16-cv-06370-EJD (N.D. Cal.). Defendants are represented by Leo Caseria and Mike Scarborough of Sheppard, Mullin, Richter & Hampton LLP.…
In April of 2017, the Supreme People’s Court (“SPC”) and the Supreme People’s Procuratorate (“SPP”) passed and released a new judicial interpretation dealing with criminal infringement of citizens’ personal digital information (the “SPC Data Privacy Interpretation”)[1]. Approved and promulgated, the SPC Data Privacy Interpretation came into effect on June 1, 2017, and it enhances and clarifies existing criminal codes that deal with illicit possession, handling, and distribution of citizen’s digital personal information[2].…
In order to promote venture capital investment and to support small to middle sized business, the Ministry of Finance and the State Administration of Taxation have jointly promulgated the Circular on Pilot Tax Policies for Venture Capital Firms and Individual Angel Investors (Cai Shui [2017] No. 38 ) (the “Circular“) on April 28, 2017. The tax policy will be provisional in the pilot areas of Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei, Shanghai, Guangdong, Anhui, Sichuan, Wuhan, Xi’an, Shenyang, and Suzhou Industrial Park.…
Following the depreciation of Chinese currency RMB and the reduction in China’s foreign exchange reserves[1], foreign companies and individuals in China have met hurdles in moving their money out of China, and overseas companies have experienced delays of payments by their Chinese business partners. This article will discuss the recent tightened controls over capital outflows from China to overseas and offer the best practical solutions to accelerate the funds transfer progress.…
On June 14, 2016, the State Council issued Opinions on Establishing the Fair Competition Review System in the Development of Market System (hereinafter “Opinions”), which finally uncovers the veil of this system. Fair competition review system was first mentioned in Opinions on Promoting Further Systemic and Institutional Reforms to Accelerate Implementation of Innovation-Driven Development Strategies, issued by the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China and the State Council on March 13, 2015, indicating “break the local protection, sort out and abolish the rules and practices impeding the formation of an unified national market, rectify the improper subsidies or…
Following a surge of investment in China’s general aviation sector around 2013, the sector has experienced down-turns due to the overall slowing of the economy in 2015.  On May 17, 2016, the General Office of the State Council announced a guideline to boost China’s general aviation (“GA”)[1] industry, named the Guiding Opinions to Promote the Development of the General Aviation Industry (Guo Ban Fa [2016] No. 38) (“Guideline”).  The Guideline marks the first time the state council, the highest administrative organ, has made plans to boost the development of China’s GA industry[2].…
The Ministry of Transportation issued the revised Provisions on the Administration of Business Licensing for General Aviation (Order of the Ministry of Transportation [2016] No. 31)(“Order No. 31”) on April 7, 2016.  Order No. 31, which became effective on June 1, 2016 amended the Provisions on the Administration of Business Licensing for General Aviation issued by the Civil Aviation Administration of China in 2007 (Order of the Civil Aviation Administration of China [2007] No. 176) (“Order No. 176”).…
The State Administration of Foreign Exchange (“SAFE”) issued a Notice on Foreign Exchange Administration Issues concerning Investment in the Interbank Bond Market by Foreign Institutional Investors (the “Notice”) on May 27, 2016, which further clarifies the supervision and administration of the investment in the interbank bond market by foreign institutional investors.…
On February 25, 2016, China’s Legislative Affairs of the State Council (“SCLAO”) released the Draft Amendment of PRC Anti-Unfair Competition Law (“Draft Amendment”) and started to solicit public comments on the Draft Amendment until March 25, 2016.  Click here for the unofficial translation of the Draft Amendment.  The current PRC Anti-Unfair Competition Law came into effect early on December 1, 1993 and with more than twenty years’ enforcement, the regulatory authority of unfair competition-State Administration for Industry & Commerce (“SAIC”)-decided to amend the law to fit into the ever changing market environment. …
On January 29, 2016, the State Administration of Taxation, the Ministry of Finance and the Ministry of Science and Technology jointly issued the Revised Measure for Certification of High and New Technology Enterprise (Guo Ke Fa Huo [2016] No. 32) (the “Revised Measure”).  The Revised Measure is an amendment to the Measure for Certification of High and New Technology Enterprise issued in 2008 (the “Old Measure”). The Revised Measure reduces certain qualification thresholds for High and New Technology Enterprise (“HNTE”) and expands the ambit of “high and new technology” in an effort to support the development of small and medium…
Since 2010, China’s State Administration for Industry and Commerce (SAIC) and the State Council Legislative Affairs Office (SCLAO) have been revising China’s Anti-Unfair Competition Law of 1993 (AUCL). This February the SCLAO released a draft revision of the AUCL for public comment. In general, the AUCL is broad, covering unfair trade practices that relate to intellectual property rights, anti-corruption and antitrust. Click here for the unofficial translation of the draft revision of the AUCL. Various organizations such as the American Chamber of Commerce, Beijing and American Bar Association will be submitting comments on behalf of companies and law firms, as well…
On February 25, 2016, The State Counsel Legislative Affairs Office (“SCLAO”) released a draft amendment (“Draft Amendment”) of the PRC Anti-Unfair Competition Law (“AUCL”) for comment by industry and other stakeholders.  Article 5 of the 1993 AUCL provides the basis for claims against Business Operators for unfair trade practices involving the misuse and misappropriation of trade dress, enterprise names, and other commercial signs.  The Draft Amendment of the AUCL contains some interesting and encouraging language, but could benefit from additional clarification and fine tuning.  Industry has until March 25, 2016 to submit comments on the Draft Amendment to the AUCL,…